1Key Laboratory of Geoenvironment and Climate change Response
2Faculty of Geology, VNU University of Science
Mekong Delta in Vietnam plays an important role of national economy and has highly diverse natural conditions and resources. In the context of climate change, sea level rise, and increasing the impacts from water utilization in the upstream Mekong River and natural resource exploitation within Mekong Delta, it is needed to have the scientific and practical foundations, strategies, solutions and models for large scale transformation in Mekong Delta towards sustainability and climate change response. However, the combination of the existing dam systems and water utilization from upstream of Mekong River have caused a quick decline of sediments and water discharge into the Mekong Delta. Additionally, the unsustainable use of natural resources within Mekong Delta is directly threatening the sustainable development. Therefore, it is needed to implement: i) integrating solutions of policies, integrated strategies, models and solutions to large scale transformation of socio-economic models; nature and ecosystem based sustainable natural resource use planning for proactive response to climate change and human impacts; ii) ensuring non-traditional security, smart response to climate change and disasters and other negative impacts in Mekong Delta; iii) enhancing science and technologies, human resource development and smart governance. Besides, it needs to promote international cooperation for building “Smart water governance in Mekong River and Delta” for sustainable development and climate change response.
Cite this paper
Mai Trong Nhuan, Nguyen Tai Tue, Luu Viet Dung, Tran Dang Quy (2019), The Scientific and Practical Foundations for Sustainable Development and Climate Change Response in Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Vietnam Journal of Hydrometeorology 03, 1-11.
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