Authors

Affiliations

1Key Laboratory of Geoenvironment and Climate change Response

2Faculty of Geology, VNU University of Science

Abstracts

Mekong Delta in Vietnam plays an important role of national economy and has highly diverse natural conditions and resources. In the context of climate change, sea level rise, and increasing the impacts from water utilization in the upstream Mekong River and natural resource exploitation within Mekong Delta, it is needed to have the scientific and practical foundations, strategies, solutions and models for large scale transformation in Mekong Delta towards sustainability and climate change response. However, the combination of the existing dam systems and water utilization from upstream of Mekong River have caused a quick decline of sediments and water discharge into the Mekong Delta. Additionally, the unsustainable use of natural resources within Mekong Delta is directly threatening the sustainable development. Therefore, it is needed to implement: i) integrating solutions of policies, integrated strategies, models and solutions to large scale transformation of socio-economic models; nature and ecosystem based sustainable natural resource use planning for proactive response to climate change and human impacts; ii) ensuring non-traditional security, smart response to climate change and disasters and other negative impacts in Mekong Delta; iii) enhancing science and technologies, human resource development and smart governance. Besides, it needs to promote international cooperation for building “Smart water governance in Mekong River and Delta” for sustainable development and climate change response.

Keywords

Cite this paper

Mai Trong Nhuan, Nguyen Tai Tue, Luu Viet Dung, Tran Dang Quy (2019), The Scientific and Practical Foundations for Sustainable Development and Climate Change Response in Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Vietnam Journal of Hydrometeorology 03, 1-11.

References

1. Allison, M.A., Nittrouer, C.A., Ogston, A.S., Mullarney, J.C., Nguyen, T.T., 2017. Sedimentation and Survival of the Mekong Delta: A Case Study of Decreased Sediment Supply and Accelerating Rates of Relative Sea Level Rise. Oceanography, 30 (3): 98-109.

2. Anh, D.N., 2010. Migration policies to build new economic zones in Vietnam.

3. Anthony, E.J., Brunier, G., Besset, M., Goichot, M., Dussouillez, P., Nguyen, V.L., 2015. Linking rapid erosion of the Mekong River delta to human activities. Scientific Reports, 5: 14745. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep14745. 

4. Cosslett, T.L., Cosslett, P.D., 2013. Water resources and food security in the Vietnam Mekong Delta. Springer Science & Business Media.

5. Duc, N.A., Savenije, H.H.G., Pham, D.N., Tang, D.T., 2008. Using salt intrusion measurements to determine the freshwater discharge distribution over the branches of a multi-channel estuary: The Mekong Delta case. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 77 (3): 433-445.

6. Entzinger, H., Scholten, P., 2016. Adaptation to climate change through migration: A case study of the Mekong Delta: IOM.

7. GSO, 2015a. National Internal Migration Survey Report, printed Ke, T.C.T., ed.: Hanoi, Statistical Publishing House.

8. GSO, 2015b. Statistical Yearbook, printed Statistics, T.C.T., ed.: Hanoi, Statistical Publishing House.

9. GSO, 2016. Statistical Yearbook, summary, in Ke, T.C.T., ed.: Hanoi, Statistical Publishing House.

10. Hoang, T.M., Van Lap, N., Oanh, T.T.K., Jiro, T., 2016. The influence of delta formation mechanism on geotechnical property sequence of the late Pleistocene-Holocene sediments in the Mekong River Delta. Heliyon, 2 (11): e00165.

11. Kondolf, G., Rubin, Z., Minear, J., 2014. Dams on the Mekong: cumulative sediment starvation. Water Resources Research, 50 (6): 5158- 5169.

12. Liu, J.P., DeMaster, D.J., Nguyen, T.T., Saito, Y., Nguyen, V.L., Ta, T.K.O., Li. X., 2017. Stratigraphic Formation of the Mekong River Delta and Its Recent Shoreline Changes: Oceanography, 30.

13. MRC, 2010. Water Basin Status Report (2010 Summary), Vientiane.

14. Nittrouer, C.A., Mullarney, J.C., Allison, M.A., Ogston, A.S., 2017. Sedimentary processes building a tropical delta yesterday, today, and tomorrow: The Mekong system.

15. Oanh, T.T.K., Lap, N.V., 2008. Mekong Delta Development Process during the Holocene, in Proceedings of the First National Conference Report: Vietnam Marine Geology & Sustainable Development, Ha Long: 297-301.

16. Pukinskis, I., 2013. Mekong Sediment Basics (Vietnamese Language).

17. Renaud, F.G., Kuenzer, C., 2012. The Mekong Delta system: Interdisciplinary analyses of a river delta, Springer Science & Business Media.

18. Smajgl, A., Ward, J., 2013. The waterfood-energy nexus in the Mekong region: Assessing development strategies considering cross-sectoral and transboundary impacts, Springer Science & Business Media.

19. Stewart, M.A., Coclanis, P.A., 2011. Environmental change and agricultural sustainability in the Mekong Delta, Springer Science & Business Media.

20. Communist Review, 2017. Sustainable development of land resources in the Mekong Delta.

21. Tho, N., Merckx, R., Ut, V., 2014. Impacts of saline water irrigation and shrimp pond discharges on the surrounding waters of a coastal district in the Mekong delta of Vietnam: Environmental Earth Sciences, 71 (5): 2015-2027.

22. Tran, H.T., 2014. Project report: Studying the effects of climate change on water resources change in the Mekong Delta. Code: Climate change.BDKH.08/16-20, Vietnam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Environment.

23. Tri, T.N., 2015. Research on biodiversity of fish in the Mekong Delta and their changes due to the impacts of climate change and socioeconomic development (Doctoral thesis summary)Vietnam Academy of Sciences and Technology, 28.

24. Truong, M.H., Nguyen, V.L., Ta, T.K.O., Takemura, J., 2011. Changes in late PleistoceneHolocene sedimentary facies of the Mekong River Delta and the influence of sedimentary environment on geotechnical engineering properties: Engineering Geology, 122 (3-4): 146-159.

25. Wang, J.J., Lu, X.X., Kummu, M., 2011. Sediment load estimates and variations in the Lower Mekong River: River Research and Applications, 27 (1): 33-46.

26. World Bank, 2016. Migration and Remittances: Recent Developments and Outlook: Publishing and Knowledge Division, The World Bank.

27. Yadu,P., Mateo, B., Jacob, R., Hyunwoo, K., Venkataramana, S., David, H., 2018. A Review of the Integrated Effects of Changing Climate, Land Use, and Dams on Mekong River Hydrology. Water, 10 (3): 266.