1Hanoi University of Natural Resources and Environment, MONRE
2Center for Environmental Research, IMHEN, MONRE
Utilisation plans of wetland ecosystems in general and mangrove ecosystem in particular are usually determined based on direct use values of the ecosystems such as fisheries, timber, wood rather than indirect and non use values. However, decisions on the use of resources should take into consideration other costs such as opportunity costs and biodiversity conservation willingness so that conservation measures could be developed for sustainable development. From environment economy perspective, non use values can be interpreted as social perception and satisfactory on the conservation of biodiversity at a certain level and social willingness to pay for that. This paper presents the study on valuation of non use values of the Can Gio mangrove biosphere reserve, Ho Chi Minh City. The results show that the non use value of the study area is approximately VND 105 billion per year. The paper also shows the recommendations for managers, policy-makers and researchers in the conservation and sustainable use of resources’s Can Gio mangrove ecosystem in the context of climate change and sea level rise.
Cite this paper
Le Xuan Tuan, Tran Quoc Cuong , Phan Thi Anh Dao (2019), Valuation of Biodiversity, Landscape Conservation Value of the Magrove Ecosystem in Can Gio District, Ho Chi Minh City. Vietnam Journal of Hydrometeorology 03, 12-20.
1. ADB, 1996. Economic Evaluation of Environmental Impacts: AWorkbook. Environment Division, Office of Environment and Social Development. Asian Development Bank. Manila, Philippines.
2. Adger, W.N., Brown K., Cervigni R., Moran D., 1995. Total economic value of forests in Mexico. Ambio, 24(5): 286–296.
3. Barbier, E.B., 1989. The economic value of ecosystems: I-tropical wetlands. LEEC Gatekeeper Series, No. 89–01. London Environmental Economic Centre.
4. Bateman, I.J., Willis. K.G., 1999. Valuing Environmental Preferences. Oxford University Press, UK.
5. Can Gio statistics. 2018. Can Gio People’s Committee, 2011-2016.
6. Davis, R. K. (1963), “The Value of Outdoor Recreation: An Economic Study of the Maine Woods.” Dissertation, Harvard University.
7. Dinh,D.T., Le H.T.,2013. Environment and Resources Valuation: From Theory to Practice in Vietnam.Transportation Publishing House.
8. Dixon, J.A., 1989. Valuation of Mangroves. Trop. Coastal Area Manag. Manila 4 (3), 2-6.
9. Le,D.T., 2016. Human resources of Can Gio Mangroves, Ho Chi Minh City. Publishing house for Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam.
10. Le,X. T., 2016. State-level Project, Code: DTDL. 2011/G77: Study on the impact of Vung Tau – Go Cong seadyke to the coastal ecosystems.
11. Le X.T., Nguyen, H.Y., Phan, T.A.D., Mai, S.T., 2018. Coastal ecosystem of Vietnam, Publishing house for Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam,pp: 166-177.
12. Pearce, D., Turner, K., 1990. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
13. Turner, R.K., Adger, W.N., Brouwer, R., 1998. Ecosystem services value, research needs, and policy relevance: a commentary. Ecological Economics, 25: 61–65.
14. Turner, R.K., Burgess, D., Hadley, D., Coombes, E., Jackson, N., 2007. A cost–benefit appraisal of coastal managed realignment policy. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 17: 397–407.
15. Turner, R.K., Daily, G.C., 2008. The ecosystem services framework and natural capital conservation. Environmental & Resource Economics, 39: 25–35.
16. Turner, R.K., Georgiou, S., Fisher, B., 2008. Valuing Ecosystem Services: The Case of Multi-functional Wetlands. Earthscan: UK.
17. Turner, R.K., 1988. Wetland conservation: economics and ethics. In: Collard, D., et al. (Eds.).Economic, Growth and Sustainable Development. Macmillan, London, pp:121-159.
18. Nguyen, H.T., Phan, N.H., Le, T.C., 2000. Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve Ho Chi Minh City. UNESCO, pp: 43.